Skip to Main Content




You may have the greatest bunch of individual stars in the world, but if they don’t play together, the club won’t be worth a dime.

Babe Ruth


Sports and exercise medicine includes:


  • injury prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation

  • management of medical problems

  • exercise prescription in health and in chronic disease states

  • the needs of exercising in special subpopulations

  • the medical care of sporting teams and events

  • medical care in situations of altered physiology, such as at altitude or at depth

  • performance enhancement through training, nutrition, and psychology

  • ethical issues, such as the problem of drug abuse in sport.


Because of the breadth of content, sports and exercise medicine lends itself to being practiced by a multidisciplinary team of professionals with specialized skills who provide optimal care for the athlete and improve each other’s knowledge and skills.17 The adage that a “champion team” would always beat a “team of champions” applies to sports and exercise medicine. This team approach can be implemented in a multidisciplinary sports and exercise medicine clinic or by individual practitioners of different disciplines collaborating by cross-referral.


The sports and exercise medicine team


The most appropriate sports and exercise medicine team depends on the setting. In an isolated rural community, the sports and exercise medicine team may consist of a family physician or a physiotherapist/physical therapist alone. In a populous city, the team may consist of:


  • physiotherapist/physical therapist

  • sports physician

  • massage therapist

  • exercise specialist for exercise prescription

  • athletic trainer

  • orthopedic surgeon

  • radiologist

  • podiatrist

  • dietitian/nutritionist

  • psychologist

  • other professionals such as osteopaths, chiropractors, exercise physiologists, biomechanists, nurses, occupational therapists, orthotists, optometrists

  • coach

  • fitness adviser.


In the Olympic polyclinic, an institution that aims to serve all 10 000 athletes at the games, the sports medicine team includes 160 practitioners (Table 2.1).

Table Graphic Jump Location
Table 2.1

The clinical team structure for the preparation in advance of the 2012 London Summer Olympic Games




The practitioners in the team have each developed skills in a particular area of sports and exercise medicine. There may also be a considerable amount ...

Want remote access to your institution's subscription?

Sign in to your MyAccess profile while you are actively authenticated on this site via your institution (you will be able to verify this by looking at the top right corner of the screen - if you see your institution's name, you are authenticated). Once logged in to your MyAccess profile, you will be able to access your institution's subscription for 90 days from any location. You must be logged in while authenticated at least once every 90 days to maintain this remote access.


Create a Free MyAccess Profile

* Required Fields

Note: If you have registered for a MyAccess profile on any of the Access sites, you can use the same MyAccess login credentials across all sites.

Passwords must be between 6 and 40 characters long (no whitespace), cannot contain characters #, &, and must contain:
  • at least one lowercase letter
  • at least one uppercase letter
  • at least one digit

Benefits of a MyAccess Profile:

  • Remote access to the site off-campus on any device
  • Notification of new content via custom alerts
  • Bookmark your favorite content such as chapters, figures, tables, videos, cases and more
  • Save and download images to PowerPoint
  • Self-Assessment quizzes saved for quick review
  • Custom Curriculum access for both instructors and learners

Subscription Options

Clinical Sports Medicine Collection Full Site: One-Year Subscription

Connect to one of the most renowned references in sports medicine and explore all aspects of diagnosis and management of sports-related injuries and physical activity. Subscription includes access to a library of sports medicine videos.

$65 USD
Buy Now

Pay Per View: Timed Access to all of Clinical Sports Medicine Collection

48 Hour Subscription $34.95

Buy Now

Pop-up div Successfully Displayed

This div only appears when the trigger link is hovered over. Otherwise it is hidden from view.